Course Descriptions

SOC 100 Sociology
A general overview of sociology including history and methodology. Explanation of the main schools in sociology, mainly Durkheim, Weber and Marx. Overview of group, stratification, institutions and structure in general.

ECON 101 Principles of Economics I
Topics covered are: the economic problems, supply and demand, elasticity, marginal analysis of consumers “and firms” behaviour, the theory of profit maximization, analysis of markets, pricing in competitive and non-competitive markets.

ENG 101 English
This course aims at enabling students to understand their lessons and to express themselves in English. The focus is on increasing students´ vocabulary.

POL 101 Political Science I
What is Politics, Political Science, Nations and State, Political Ideologies, Political Culture, The People and the State, Politics and the Media.

HIST 103 History of Civilization
The course covers the main developments of the mankind from the coming of the man 2.5 million Years ago to the present time. The main focus is on the big turning points of the culture such as the Neolithic Revolution (10 000 Years ago), the rise of the civilizations (5 500 Years ago), the Renaissance (1350 – 1520) and the coming of Modernity.

ATA 101 Principles of Atatürk I
The Principles of Atatürk will be discussed analytically and historically in both Semesters.

ENG 102 English II
The course aims to develop all language skills and further increase students´ vocabulary. Students are required to discuss IR topics and make presentations on them.

POL 102 Political Science II
The Institutions of Government, Elections and Electoral Systems, Political parties, Interest Groups, Presidential and Parliamentary Systems, Political Leadership, Bureaucracy and Administration, Revolution, International Relations, Environmental Politics, Polities and Religion: The rise of religion, and Nationalism.

IR 111 History of Political Thought
The aim of this course is to endow the student with the fundamental knowledge of political theory. The content of course comprises the political theories of the great thinkers ranging from the period of Ancient Greece to the contemporaries.

LAW 106 Introduction to Law
A basic introduction to the study of law namely the Nature of Law, Legal Systems, The Development of Law, The Structure and Work of the Courts, The Concepts of Legal Personality and Capacity and an Outline of the European Union, its Laws and Institutions, Company Law and Tort.

ECON 102 Principles of Economics II
Elementary Macroeconomics. Determination of National Income, The Role of Government, The Banking System. Problems of Inflation, Unemployment and Growth.

ATA 102 Principles of Atatürk II
The Principles of Atatürk will be discussed analytically and historically in both Semesters.

ENG 205 English for IR
Students learn techniques for dealing with academic prose. The emphasis is on reading skills and analysis of texts. Moreover, paraphrasing and summarizing are practiced.

IR 203 Diplomatic History I+II
The objective of the course is to provide the student with necessary background of the diplomatic practice since the medieval Age till the Second World War. During the course, special attention is given to the evolution of “nation state” in Europe and the emergence of diplomatic concepts and tools as expedient ways for conducting international relations.

IR 205 Constitutional Law
An introduction to the main aspects of Constitutional Law, namely its Nature, classification of constitutions, The doctrine of the Separation of Power, The Rule of Law, Parliamentary Supremacy and Constitutional Connections. There is an examination of the freedom to Experience, Association, Persons and Property. Natural Justice, Delegated Legislation, Judical review of the Administration and Judical remedies, and Administrative Law are also covered.

IR 210 Modern Political Thought
Political Theory from the ancient Greeks to the 20th Century: Athens and Socrates, Plato,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Burke, Bentham, Mill; Marx, Liberalism, Conservatism, Socialism.

IR 207 Introduction to International Relations I
The course introduces key conceptual issues in international relations it analyses contemporary global problems such as security, international organisations, resources, peace and of war. The main aim of the course is to encourage students for critical thinking and analysis of the world events.

ENG 206 Writing Academic English
The structure of an academic essay and different types of essays (cause and effect, argumentation, comparison and contrast) are discussed. Students write two essays and receive feedback on them.

IR 208 Introduction to International Relations I
The course introduces key conceptual issues in international relations. It analyses contemporary global problems such as security, international organisations, resources, peace and war. The main aim of the course is to encourage students for critical thinking and analysis of the world events.

HIST 205 World History of the 20th Century
The course deals with the world history of the twentieth centruy. The main trends of the last hundred Years are discussed during the course,such as the coming of the mass culture, the fast change of the world, globalization and global problems. The biggest events are also discussed, e.g. the First and the Second World War and the ‘Cold War’
HIST 206 Modern Turkish Politics
The main aim of the course is to give a broad historical understanding of the Turkish Modernization. The course shall start with the Ottoman modernization in order to understand the Turkish Modernization. The formation of the Turkish nation-state and the problems of this process will be discussed before discussing the democratization process and its problems.

IR 202 Research Methods
Its main aim is to give the students an idea how to work on a research, how to write an essay. For a university student, writing essays or making research are a must, but at the same time for most of the students a difficult challenge. This course is aimed at making this challenge easier and explain the importance of the methodology of such work and practice and experience of doing research. It will deal with how to begin a research, to choose a topic, to find the datas and analyse them, to create a working plan and to write it in an appropriate way.

IR 307 International Law I
An introduction to the study of Public Law of Treaties, the concept of personality and statehood, Recognition of states and governments, the relationship between International Law and Municipal Law, Jurisdiction over persons, and Acquisition of Soveregnity over Territory, Airspace and Aircraft.

IR 311 Turkish Foreign Policy I
This course focuses on Turkish Foreign Policy from the end of WW II to present. It sets out a framework for analysis of Turkey’s relations with her neighbors such as Russia, Greece, Bulgaria, as well as the USA and the EU. Emphasis will be on Turkey’s EU bid, the Cyprus issue and the impact of regional developments and conflicts on Turkey’s foreign policy.

IR 313 Inter. Pol. & Security
In this course, the current structure of the world politics is discussed. Before discussing the current structure, we will focus historical and theoretical debates on international politics. Moreover, we will study on nation state, national interest, and national security and foreign policy concepts comparatively with alternative concepts: transnationalism, international security and economic cooperation etc.

IR 316 Theories of International Relations
The course aims at providing an overview of how International Relations as a discipline discusses and understands the international system. In part the course will give a brief historical account of theoretical development within International Relations and develops an understanding of the nature of social science theory from a non-positivist understanding. In the Second part we are going to discuss six theoretical approaches. In the Third part we are going to read original sources of some of the theories discussed in the Second part.

HIST 308 Ottoman Econ., Social & Pol. Struct. I
A critical examination and general overview of the Ottoman Empire covering the tribal organization and the Turkish origins of the Ottomans, the transformation of a frontier principality into a state, economic and social motives of the Ottomans, the governmental and military institutions of the 15th Century, the change in the idea of the ‘Law’ (Töre/Törü and Yasa/Yasak).

IR 312 International Institutions & Organisation
The aim of this course is to inform the students about the functions and roles of international organizations in contemporary international relations. In this course, international system and theories of international relations are also discussed.

IR 314 International Pol. Economics
This course deals with many different aspects of the International Political Economy. The subject of IPE is concerned with the interconnectedness of various areas such as economics, politics, history, sociology, etc.
•In the first part of this course, we will introduce the fundamental paradigms of IPE by looking at the three different theoretical perspectives: mercantilism, liberalism, and structuralism.
•In the Second part of the course, we will analyze structural connections of IPE, leading to sections that explore international trade, international finance, international institutions and global problems.

IR 315 Turkish Foreign Policy II
This is a continuation of IR 311 course broadening the systematic enquiry on Turkish Foreign Policy with special emphasis on Post Cold War systemic changes and their impact on Turkish Foreign Policy. The challenges of adopting to global systemic transformation, globalization, rising regional conflicts will be looked at together with efforts to deal with old issues in the new environments such as the Cyprus issue and European integration.

POL 312 Comparative Political Systems
Classifying the various forms of the political systems has been one of the principal concerns of political analysis. The main aim of this course is to get this understanding. Firstly, the course shall focus on the traditional three world approaches and later the discussions will be on the recent transformation of the political world after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

HIST 309 Ottoman Econ., Social & Pol. Struct. II
The dynamics of the transition from the first Ottoman State to the new age of the ‘imperium’ an emphasis on the legal system; the Ottoman ‘ruling class’ and the palace institution, the provincial sturcture; restoration of the establishment in general and of the central government, events which altered the balance of power in Europe, the fundamental economic and financial changes, the traditional reforms, the era of the ‘modern’ reforms, the Young Turk Revolution and internal reactions, new concepts of rule.

IR 401 Analysis of International Relations I
The course aims at the analysis of a topic in international relations. During the course the current world events are discussed and analysed. The students produce a paper and deliver a presentation on a current question.

IR 400 The Cyprus Conflict
After a general historical introduction, the course will look at the Cyprus problem as it developed from the 1950’s to present; explaining the nature and sources of the Cyprus conflict; the role of internal and external factors during the Cold war; setting the conflict in the Post Cold war context; viewing the major developments since 1990 and the present stage of the conflict.

IR 402 Analysis of International Relations II
The course aims at the analysis of international relations. During the course the current world events are discussed and analysed. The students produce a paper and deliver a presentation on a current question.

IR 403 Turkish Foreign Policy III
In this course factors that have affected the Turkish foreign policy from 1980 to-day will be explained and these subjects will be discussed: Relations with the USA and NATO; relations with the European Communities/European Union; relations with Greece; relations with the Middle East; relations with USSR/Russia; relations with the Caucasus and Central Asia and relations with the Balkans.

IR 404 Minorities & Minority Rights
Along with human rights, the subject of minority rights has become, in the contemporary world, an important issue in international relations as well as in international law. Minority rights are considered to be a valid international concern outside the realm of national jurisdiction of states. Proceeding from these facts, the concept and definition of minorities, minority rights in international law, the regulations and applications regarding minorities and minority problems in various countries will be studied.

IR 407 The Cold War
The aim of this course is to explore reasons for the Cold War; polarizations, the leaders of intelligence profile / propaganda activities, cultural, military and political struggles or conflict alongside to examine the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.

IR 409 Introduction to International Law II
This course examines some aspects of Public International Law nameley the Immunities of State and Individuals, the Law of the Sea, the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, the use of Armed Force in International Relations, State Responsibility and an outline of Human Rights Law.

IR 412 Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict
Nationalism became one of the foremost ideologies that deeply affected the 19th and 20th Centuries. The most important speciality of nationalism was the display of different political functions in different geographical areas. In this lesson we shall look into the historical development and the political functions of nationalism in Western Europe, Eastern Europe and the Balkans, as well as in the Developing Countries. An analysis will be made of ethnic conflicts that were the product of nationalism in various areas.

IR 413 Role of Civil Society in International Politics
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the fall of Berlin Wall, the world has began to live in a new decade. The term civil society became a hot topic both in intellectual terms and political terms Thus this course will help students to understand the past and current role of the civil society in world politics. The main discussion is how and in which ways does civil society influence the international politics? In the route of answering the question,this course will explain the historical meanings and the roles of the civil society as well.

IR 415 Poitics in Central Asia and Caucasus
The course is concerned with historical and cultural background of the region. The current political issues: Nationalist and religious movements are also discussed while focusing on foreign affairs of the newly independent states of the region (Russia,Azerbaijan,Kazakhstan etc.). The foreign policy orientations of the regional and global powers over Central Asia and Caucasus are also discussed.

IR 420 Analysis of International Relations III

The course aims at the analysis of the international relations. During the course the current world events are discussed and analysed. The students produce a paper and deliver a presentation on a current question.

IR 421 Human Rights & International Relations
The subject of human rights has become, in the contemporary world, one of the most important factors in international relations. Proceeding from this fact, the historical development of human rights as well as the international human rights law to the present day will be studied. Within this context, mechanisms and their functions that were developed especially within the body of the United Nations, Council of Europe, European Union and Organisation of Security and Cooperation in Europe will be dwelt upon.

IR 422 Conflict Resolution
This course is an introduction to conflict resolution topic. It deals with an analysis of contemporary conflicts. It explores the conflict resolution theories; and explores the steps that can be taken to prevent, manage, and resolve ethnic conflicts.

IR 423 Balkan’s Politics
This course aims to examine political history of Balkans throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. In the first part of the course, erosion of Ottoman control over the Western Provinces and the emergence of new nation-states in Serbia, Rumania, Bulgaria and Albania will be analyzed. Within this context, influences of foreign powers like Russia (Pan-Slavism) and Austria-Hungary (Bosnia/Croatia) will be evaluated. The Second part of this course deals with the role of Balkans in the upcoming of the First World War, and its aftermath in the region (Dissolution of Austria-Hungary/Foundation of Yugoslavia etc.). The Third part will examine Balkans during the Second World War and in the following Cold War era. Finally, post-Cold War conflicts in Balkans, particularly in the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, will be described.

IR 424 Analysis of Foreign Policy
This course focuses on the ways and methods of thinking critically about foreign policy analysis. With the help of historical as well as current examples form world affairs, the course analyze various theoretical approaches to foreign policy-making. Thus this course will enable students to asess the multidimensional issues that foreign policy makers face and solve. During the course sessions the students are expected to analyse the multiple reasons that affect the inter-state and international relations through the theoretical and practical knowledge that are presented to them.
Levels of analysis such as individual decision-makers, decision-making within the teams, the interdependance between the domestic policies and foreign policies will be main topics of this course.

IR 425 Postmodernism Debates
This course analyzes the postmodernisim debates through an examination of prominent figures. Sketching an outline of the historical development of postmodernism, the course focuses mainly on the postmodernist debates in social sciences, notably sociology, philosophy and politics. Within this framework, such thinkers as ,Jean Baudrillard, Fredric Jameson, Jean Foucault,Jean-François Lyotard and Jacques Derrida, and main parameters of postmodernism will be elaborated.

IR 426 The Middle East
The Middle East has always been one of the most problematic regions of the world from the past to the present day. Bearing this in mind, in this course effort will be made to identify the problems of the region, both internal as well as the external factors that played a role in the creation of these problems.

IR 428 European Union
The main aim of the course is to explore the European Union and its members and try to understand the roots from which they evolved, the reasons why they came together, how it works with its different institutions, what are the relations among them, how is the formation procedure of the policies and what is the importance of different actors.

IR 455 Politics of the EU
This course is designed to provide a knowledge about the major features of European institutions, integrations ,policy making and major policies. The course assesses the structure, workings, and major domains of political policy activity of the European Union.

IR 457Politics of the Global Economy
Globalisation is a widely discussed topic in academia and in public discourse. This course will focus on the globalisation of economic life which has resulted in the integration of the majority of people into market relations. For the first time in history, the market has become the dominant mode of integration of societies. The first part the course will outline the process of globalisation, the arguments in favour and against it, and discuss some of the reasons why globalisation has occurred. Case studies in the Second part will establish a deeper knowledge about some of the issues surrounding globalisation. Furthermore, they will serve as a basis to discuss how the management of the global economy could be improved or democratised. At the end of the class students should be able to define globalisation, be aware of the extent of globalisation, and be knowledgeable about some of the problems and solutions discussed in the globalisation debate.

IR 458 Diplomatic Correspondence
This course provides a general background on the evolution, methods and the context of diplomacy, explains the work of diplomats: looks at the forms of diplomatic correspondence; placing special attention to writing texts on topical subjects using diplomatic language; studying of various diplomatic correspondence.
IR 459Political Sociology
The course aims to promote students’ awareness and knowledge of human societies as well as to develop an understanding of sociological methods, including the collection, analysis and interpretation of data. This course provides a sufficient ground for sociological concepts, theories and research findings and deals with the contemporary debates in sociological theory in order to encourage a critical perspective on social, cultural and political processes.

IR 460 Political Psychology
In this course, theories and empirical findings on political cognition, attitudes, beliefs and values will be explained. After this, theories of political socialisation, political action and protest behaviour will be discussed. In order to understand all these theories, various examples will be given from Turkey and other countries.
IR 462 Multiculturalism & Identity Politics
This course explores both contemporary theories and practice of multiculturalism and identity politics. On one hand, it dwells upon theoretical construction and components of multiculturalism. It examines some relevant concepts and ideas such as identity, culture, nation, race, ethnicity and gender. On the other hand, experiences and practices of multiculturalism are examined in the examples of some western countries as case studies.

IR 464 Terrorism
This course aims to provide students with notional, theoretical and methodological background about the terrorism. The course, with an interdisciplinary perspective, will discuss this important phenomenon, which has become one of the most important issues/problems of the world especially after the 9/11 attacks. The course aims to develop a systematic intellectual infrastructure for the in-depth and multi-dimensional assessment of terrorism. Therefore the course will respectively elaborate on the conceptual origins of the phenomenon, differences and similarities in definition of terrorism by various actors in the world affairs, historical roots of terrorism, causes and implications of terrorism by referring to various theories of international relations. The course will evaluate different dimensions of terrorism by analyzing different case studies through taking into account the local, regional and international dynamics and with a multi-disciplinary perspective.

IR467 Human Rights in EU
This course focuses on two regional organizations for human rights protection in Europe: the Council of Europe and the European Union. First, it examines the human rights system of the Council of Europe, with a strong focus on the European Convention on Human Rights. In the Second part, it gives a brief history of human rights protection in the EU and explores the role of human rights in the Union, including the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice, the content and meaning of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The relation between the EU Charter and the European Convention will be discussed in detail. The last part of the course will study human rights in the EU’s external relations. The policies, methods and tools adopted by the EU for worldwide promotion of human rights will be assessed critically. Students are expected to understand the principles and institutions of human rights in Europe and how these principles and institutions apply in practice, at the end of the course.

POL 403 State Theories
This course explore different notions of the state from the theoretical perspective. It examines in particular how the relationship between the state and civil society is envisaged. Within this framework, it focuses on various accounts of states in terms of modern and contemporary ideologies such as classic liberalism, modern liberalism, classic Marxism, neo-Marxism, post-Marxism, Feminism and Environmentalism.